主講人：Daniel Hole (University of Stuttgart)
主 題：A crosslinguistic syntax of scalar and non-scalar focus particle sentences: the view from Vietnamese and Chinese
In this talk, I propose a distributed syntax for Vietnamese and Chinese focus particle sentences. It disentangles syntactically the inclusion and exclusion of alternatives typical of focus particle uses from scalar components of meaning that many focus particle sentences convey. Vietnamese and Chinese are shown to have highly elaborate lexical paradigms that map plausibly onto the postulated syntactic and semantic functions. I then turn to very similar phenomena from German and Dutch. The talk concludes with the hunch that the system as it unfolds in Vietnamese and Chinese is, in fact, simply an explicit instantiation of a pattern underlying focus particle sentences at a much more general level.